Laparoscopy is a minimally invasive surgical procedure applied to women who cannot have children to detect and treat the conditions causing infertility. It is a thin tube-like flexible device with a high-resolution camera and high-beam light attached to one end that allows a fertility doctor to see and examine all of the abdominal organs, including the uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries, located in the pelvis at the very bottom of the abdomen, and diagnose abnormalities that could interfere with a woman’s ability to conceive a pregnancy. Endometriosis, pelvic adhesions, ovarian cysts, and uterine fibroids are the most frequent conditions that lead to infertility.
Who Will Require Laparoscopy?
Couples who have completed basic infertility tests for ovarian reserve, ovulation, semen analysis for male, and hysterosalpingogram for female can go for laparoscopy for further treatment.
Also, when fertility doctors are suspicious about certain conditions that can be identified only through laparoscopy they suggest the same to their patients. For instance, if the doctors identify a history of ruptured appendix or severe pelvic infection in the patient, the chances of having pelvic adhesions are high in this case and hence a laparoscopic procedure is a must.