Donor Program Questions
Should I consider having a sperm donor to conceive?
Couples desirous of having a child but in whom the male partner has a very low sperm count (Oligospermia) or no sperm at all (azoospermia) often consider using third party sperm donation and Artificial Insemination. Males having genetic diseases may also prefer donor sperm for their spouse. Donor sperms can also be sought by Single women or LGBTQ couple.
How is donor sperm obtained?
Recognized and registered Sperm Banks exist to meet the donor sperm requirements. They screen the donor male for various pre-existing diseases and collect the semen which is then tested and quarantined for a period of time before the Sperm bank releases to the Fertility Centres. Very often, profile matching is done but the identity of both the donor and the recipient are kept confidential.
When is egg donation needed?
There are four main reasons people choose oocyte (egg) donation as a means of having a baby:
- Several failed attempts at IVF or recurrent miscarriages caused by poor egg quality or poor embryo development.
- Premature menopause or other factors are causing cessation of egg production, such as hereditary diseases, endometriosis, surgery done on the ovaries resulting in significant loss of ovarian tissue.
- Infertile couples where the woman is not permitted to use drugs necessary to induce oocyte production.
- Older women who have entered menopause. Arguments against oocyte donation usually focus on these types of patients. A 65-year-old Romanian woman is the oldest woman recorded to have a baby through this method.
In Oocyte (egg) donation, the baby that is born carries half of the genetic make-up of the family. Also, the parents experience the psychosocial changes resulting from sharing the pregnancy and delivery. The source of the donor egg is usually at an age where chances of chromosomal anomalies are very low. However, the age of the donor does not protect the mother from complications during her pregnancy. The age of the woman carrying the baby and her overall health affects how the pregnancy will progress. Even if ovaries stop egg production, the uterus retains its capability to carry a baby to term. The uterus can be reprogrammed with oral or injectable drugs to prepare the organ for implantation and pregnancy. Chances of pregnancy are similar to a younger woman using her eggs. Sometimes pregnancy rates can even be higher for these women.
How to choose the oocyte?
We operate with recognized and registered Donor Oocyte banks. Donors will be selected according to the criteria listed below and will be strictly confidential. Before a woman is accepted in the donor oocyte program, she will be examined by the Bank’s gynaecologist, a genetic and, if necessary, a thorough psychological evaluation will be done on the prospective donor. The recipient will be privy to the donor’s age, physical health and education status. Any information revealing the donor’s identity will be confidential under a code name that only the hospital administrators can access. Likewise, the recipient’s identity is also kept confidential. We follow ART 2022 guidelines issued by Govt of India, Ministry of Health in this regard.
PROFILE OF DONOR:
- Must be between the ages of — and —-
- Should not have any marked physical characteristics such as an unusual noise that might distinguish her.
- Donors are selected according to the recipient’s race, colour and blood type, donor’s intelligence level should be average or above average
- Must not have any physical restrictions against procedures such as controlled ovarian hyperstimulation and egg collection
- A person who has known genetic diseases in the family or has lost a baby for unexplained reasons cannot be accepted in the program as a donor.
Egg collection does not reduce the oocytes available to the woman. The procedure does not affect the donor’s fertility and age of menopause onset. Her chances of achieving pregnancy will be no different after she donates her eggs.
Briefly, the donor goes through two main steps. The first prepares the ovaries to stimulate increased egg production, and the second is collecting those eggs that develop. The woman will start the drug regimen on the second or third day of menstruation. The eggs will be collected after approximately 8-12 days of stimulation. Egg collection marks the end of the donor’s role in the process. Her eggs will be inseminated by the sperm obtained from the recipient’s husband, and the resulting embryos will be transferred to the recipient’s uterus.
Can I become an egg donor? What are the requirements of becoming an egg donor and how do I apply?
If you are a woman who meets the above criteria, you can be an egg donor.
What are the risk factors for egg donors who want to have children of their own in the future?
As far as we know being an egg donor does not affect your future fertility potential. There is no evidence that the medications used for egg donation increase cancer risks or other health problems for donors, either. But ‘just to be safe’ as well as to reduce the chances of kids from the same donor having kids together without knowing it, we limit each donor to no more than six egg donation cycles in her lifetime, across the US. As part of becoming a donor you will be tested to make sure you have normal or above-average egg supply (ovarian reserve), which is part of checking your fertility potential.
Will becoming an egg donor affect my chances of having a child of my own in the future?
As far as we know being an egg donor does not affect your future fertility potential. But ‘just to be safe’ as well as to reduce the chances of kids from the same donor having kids together without knowing it, we limit each donor to no more than six egg donation cycles in her lifetime, across the US. As part of becoming a donor you will be tested to make sure you have normal or above-average egg supply (ovarian reserve), which is part of checking your fertility potential.
Will my eggs' recipients ever find out who I am?
Recipients will not know who you are if you are a generous donor. You will fill out a demographic form to help the recipients choose a donor, but no personal information will be shared.
Am I parenting responsible for donor-received children?
No, the recipient couple is the legal and financial parents of any child born due to your donation; you have no financial responsibility or legal obligations.
Will I have enough eggs left for myself after the egg donation?
Yes, every woman is born with more eggs than she would ever use. Your natural cycle should return after a few months of completing a donor cycle.
Is there a chance for me to donate my eggs after having tubal ligation (female sterilization)?
Yes, you can do it. Your fallopian tubes are clipped or removed when you are sterilized, but your ovaries continue to function correctly, and the eggs produced can be retrieved.
Who is the baby going to look like?
Oftentimes not personally knowing the donor raises insecurities related to the child being unable to relate to their parents based on physical differences. Therefore, donors undergo thorough analysis so their phenotypical characteristic will match the parents’ ones