Treatments for Female Infertility

Treatment options will depend on the cause of the initial problem, age of the woman, history of any previous pregnancies, the male factor, and how long infertility issues have been known. Below are some common treatment options when it comes to female infertility

Hormone Medications:

    • Medications for ovarian stimulation. To stimulate your ovaries, you might receive an injectable medication containing a follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), a luteinizing hormone (LH) or a combination of both. These medications stimulate more than one egg to develop at a time.Oral medication that allows the female body to produce more of the hormones (AMH) that cause the eggs to mature in their ovaries.
    • Medications for oocyte maturation. When the follicles are ready for egg retrieval — generally after eight to 14 days — you will take human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) or other medications to help the eggs mature.
    • Medications to prevent premature ovulation. These medications prevent your body from releasing the developing eggs too soon.
    • Medication for triggering the release of egg from the follicle ‘trigger shot’ that allows for the final maturation of the follicles and readies the eggs for release
    • Medications to prepare the lining of your uterus. On the day of egg retrieval or at the time of embryo transfer, your doctor might recommend that you begin taking progesterone supplements to make the lining of your uterus more receptive to implantation

Surgical Treatments:

May become unavoidable when it comes to the following infertility causes:

  • Disease of the fallopian tubes: Surgery can repair or remove blockages.
  • Ectopic pregnancy, which is when the pregnancy occurs outside of the uterus: Surgery of the fallopian tube is done in an effort to help fix these tubal pregnancies.
  • Patches of endometriosis: Surgery is done to help remove these patches, doubling the chances of a pregnancy. Surgery can also be done in an effort to remove scarring, polyps, or uterine fibroids.

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Risk factors

Certain factors may put you at higher risk of infertility, including:

  • The quality and quantity of a woman’s eggs begin to decline with age. In the mid-30s, the rate of follicle loss speeds, resulting in fewer and poorer quality eggs. This makes conception more difficult and increases the risk of miscarriage.
  • Besides damaging your cervix and fallopian tubes, smoking increases your risk of miscarriage and ectopic pregnancy. It’s also thought to age your ovaries and deplete your eggs prematurely. Stop smoking before beginning fertility treatment.
  • Being overweight or significantly underweight may affect ovulation. Getting to a healthy body mass index (BMI) might increase the frequency of ovulation and likelihood of pregnancy.
  • Sexual history.Sexually transmitted infections such as chlamydia and gonorrhea can damage the fallopian tubes. Having unprotected sex with multiple partners increases your risk of a sexually transmitted infection that may cause fertility problems later.
  • Excess alcohol consumption can reduce fertility.

For women thinking about getting pregnant soon or in the future, these tips might help:

  • Maintain a healthy weight.Overweight and underweight women are at increased risk of ovulation disorders. If you need to lose weight, exercise moderately. Strenuous, intense exercise of more than five hours a week has been associated with decreased ovulation.
  • Quit smoking.Tobacco has multiple negative effects on fertility, as well as your general health and the health of a fetus. If you smoke and are considering pregnancy, quit now.
  • Avoid alcohol.Heavy alcohol use may lead to decreased fertility. And any alcohol use can affect the health of a developing fetus. If you’re planning to become pregnant, avoid alcohol, and don’t drink alcohol while pregnant.
  • Reduce stress.Some studies have shown that stress can cause couples to have poorer results with infertility treatment. Try to reduce stress in your life before trying to become pregnant.